p-ISSN: 1300-0551
e-ISSN: 2587-1498

Erkan Demirkan1, Tuğrul Özkadı2, Sema Can1, Mehmet Kutlu1, Emre Demir3, İsmet Alagöz4

1Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey
2Department of Sport Management, Social Sciences Vocational High School, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey
3Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey
4Directory of Youth and Sports, Çorum, Turkey

Keywords: COVID-19, swimmer, daily life


Objective: The study aims to compare swimmers’ daily sport life changes caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in the pre-restriction restriction periods.

Material and methods: Two hundred fifty-one competitive swimmers participated in this study (117 females), aged 12-33 years, who had at least 3-year sport experience. Data were collected via a Google Forms survey. Statistically, before using a parametric test, the assumption of normality was verified using the Shapiro-Wilk test. A paired t-test was performed for one variable. Variables were presented as frequencies and percentages, according to feedbacks received. The Chi-square test was used to compare variables.

Resultsː There were no significant differences related to the changes caused by COVID-19 between genders (p>0.05). Statistically significant increase in training frequency, decrease in swimming training sessions, increase in dry-land training sessions, and changes of daily training time periods occurred during restriction compared with the pre-restriction period.

Conclusionsː Findings of this study reveal that the swimmers' athletic lives were negatively affected during the restriction period due to COVID-19.

Cite this article as: Demirkan E, Ozkadi T, Can S, Kutlu M, Demir E, Alagoz I. The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in swimmers: A comparison of daily life activities in pre-restriction and during restriction. Turk J Sports Med. 2021;56(4):166-71; http://dx.doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0534

Ethics Committee Approval

The approval for this study was obtained from Institutional Ethics Committee of Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey (Decision no: 2020-64 Date: 29/06/2020).

Author Contributions

Concept - Erkan D., T.Ö; Design - Erkan D., T.Ö, S.C.; Supervision - Erkan D., S.C., M.K.; Materials - T.Ö., M.K., İ.A.; Data Collection and/or Processing - T.Ö., İ.A.; Analysis and Interpretation - Emre D.; Literature Review - Erkan D., S.C.; Writing Manuscript - Erkan D.; Critical Reviews - S.C., M.K.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or publication of this article.