Impact of using surgical face masks on exercise test parameters in professional athletes
1Sports Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Türkiye
2Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Türkiye
3School of Physical Education and Sports, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Türkiye
Keywords: Exercise test, cross over, masks, COVID-19, heart rate
Background: The use of face masks is common worldwide due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the debate on the advantages and disadvantages of face masks continues. While face masks have been recommended to protect from COVID-19, their potential risks on cardiorespiratory systems in various populations are being investigated. This study aims to examine the impact of face masks on exercise test parameters in professional athletes.
Materials and Methods: 25 professional athletes (mean age: 19.6±2.4 years; F/M: 11/14; BMI: 20.2±1.6 kg/m2) were included in the study. They performed an exercise test two times, with and without face masks, 48 hours apart. A comparison of exercise test parameters with and without face masks was made to determine cardiorespiratoryresponses in professional athletes.
Results: The participants with and without face masks were statistically similar for the test parameters, excluding final oxygen saturation, test duration (min), and peak heart rate. The participants with face masks had significantly lower scores of final oxygen saturation (p<0.001), test duration (p<0.001), and peak heart rate (p=0.004) compared with the participants without face masks.
Conclusion: Our results revealed that the use of face masks during the exercise test is associated with lower scores of oxygen saturation, test duration, and peak heart rate.
Cite this article as: Sah V, Kaplan S, Aladag N, Duz R, Ozkan Z, Ak C. Impact of using surgical face masks on exercise test parameters in professional athletes. Turk J Sports Med. 2023; 58(3):108-11; https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0758
The approval for this study was obtained from Yüzüncü Yıl University, Clinical Research Ethics Committee, Van, Türkiye (Decision no: 04 Date: September 30, 2020).
Concept – ŞK; Design - VŞ; Supervision – NA; Materials – RD; Data Collection and/or Processing – ZÖ; Analysis and Interpretation – CA; Literature Review – ŞK; Writing Manuscript - VŞ; Critical Reviews - VŞ,ŞK
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.
he authors received no financial support for the research and/or publication of this article.