The association between ankle mobility and Achilles tendon, plantar fascia, iliotibial band stiffness and elasticity in athletes
1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkiye
2 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkiye
Keywords: Stiffness, elasticity, ankle mobility, relation, athletes
Objectives: The ankle range of motion in the kinetic chain is very important. The joint mobility can affect soft tissue mechanical features and alter athletic performance. This study aimed to determine whether there was a relationship between the stiffness and elasticity of iliotibial band (ITB), Achilles tendon (AT), plantar fascia (PF), and ankle mobility in athletes.
Materials and Methods: Thirty professional athletes (n=10, basketball, n=10, volleyball, n=10, running) participated in this study. ITB-AT-PF- mechanical properties (stiffness and elasticity) were measured bilaterally with a Myoton-Pro. Ankle mobility was measured with an inclinometer during knee to wall lunge test.
Results: Ankle mobility was not correlated with the mechanical properties (p>0.05). AT-stiffness had weak negative correlation with AT-elasticity (r=-0.46), ITB-stiffness had moderate negative correlation with ITB elasticity and weak positive correlation with AT-stiffness on the nondominant side (r=-0.65,0.44). AT-elasticity had moderate and weak negative correlations between AT and PF-stiffness, respectively (r=-0.63,-0.41), ITB-stiffness had weak negative correlation with ITB-elasticity on the dominant side (r=-0.36). Dominant side AT and nondominant side ITB-elasticity of runners and nondominant and dominant side ITB-stiffness of basketball players were significantly higher (p<0.05).
Conclusion: There was no significant relationship between ankle mobility and mechanical properties of the ITB-AT-PF. These findings may be useful in planning rehabilitation or conditioning programs in terms of injury prevention.
Cite this article as: Usgu S, Ulusahin S, Gonen T. The association between ankle mobility and Achilles tendon, plantar fascia, iliotibial band stiffness and elasticity in athletes. Turk J Sports Med. 2023 Jan 3rd; https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0701
This study was approved by the Ethics Committee for Non-Invasive Research Studies of Hasan Kaloncu University Faculty of Health Sciences (approval number 2020/100).
Concept: SU; Design: SU; Supervision: SU; Materials: SU; Data Collection and Processing: SB, TGB; Analysis and Interprepation: SB; Literature Review: SU; Writing Manuscript: SU; Critical Reviews: SU.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or publication of this article.
The author would like to thank all athletes who participated in this study