Taper Training in Sport
Sport Sciences Faculty, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
Keywords: Taper training, blood lactate, heart rate
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of taper training on the performances of athletes by examining the studies conducted on taper training. Qualitative research methods were used to interpret the studies on taper applications published between 1981-2018. Document analysis was used as data collection method and the obtained data were analysed by content analysis method.
1-4 weeks duration in taper is the most suitable period for optimal performance in sport. Taper has an effect of 7-14 days. When this period continues for another 14 days, significant performance improvement is achieved. As the training load is reduced during the taper, fatigue decreases, recovery occurs in shorter time and the performance of the athlete is improved. During the taper period training volume is reduced, the intensity is maintained or slightly reduced. By reducing the intensity, volume and/or frequency of training, a reduction in the load of the training occurs, as well. Careful planning of the reduction in the training volume minimizes the detraining effect. Following the taper training; blood volume, number of red blood cells, blood lactate, maximal heart rate, level of some hormone and enzyme levels, running economy and muscle glycogen stores of the athletes are increased.
In conclusion; taper training contributes to improvement in athletic performance.
Cite this article as: Egesoy H. Taper training in sport. Turk J Sports Med. 2020;55(1):69-78