p-ISSN: 1300-0551
e-ISSN: 2587-1498

Serdar Sucan1, Berna Pişginel2, Özlem Özyürek3, Mustafa Karakuş4, Funda İpekten5, Soner Akkurt3,6

1Pyhsical Education and Sports Sciences Department, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Türkiye
2Kayseri Youth and Sports Provincial Directorate, Ministry of Youth and Sports, Türkiye
3Sports Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Erciyes University, Kasyeri, Türkiye
4Recreation Department, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Türkiye
5Biostatistics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Türkiye
6High Altitude and Sports Science Research and Application Center, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Türkiye

Keywords: Cupping therapy, VO2max, anaerobic threshold, mean power, peak power


Objective: Aerobic and anaerobic capacity are the most important performance parameters in athletes. In order to improve aerobic and anaerobic properties, various applications are also carried out apart from training. We aim to investigate the effect of dry cupping application on the aerobic and anaerobic capacity of football (soccer) players.

Materials and Methods: Thirty-one amateur football players aged between 18-20 were included in the study voluntarily. After the anthropometric measurements, the volunteers were divided into 2 groups: the cup application group (CAG, n:16) and the control group (CG, n:15). Dry cupping was applied to the anterior leg (on the quadriceps), posterior leg (on the hamstring), inner leg (on the adductors) and posterior calf (on the gastrocnemius) of the athletes in the CAG for 15 minutes. After dry cupping, Wingate test and Maximal Oxygen Consumption test (VO2max) were performed. The same tests were performed on the athletes in the CG without the cup application. VO2max, anaerobic threshold (AT), ratio of anaerobic threshold to VO2max (%AT), peak power per kilogram, and average power per kilogram were taken. Since the data showed normal distribution, the student-t test was used to compare the groups. The statistical significance level was set as p < 0.05.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference between CAG and CG in terms of both aerobic properties (VO2max, AT, %AT) and anaerobic properties (peak power per kilogram, average power per kilogram) (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: According to the results we obtained, it was concluded that the dry cup application did not increase the aerobic and anaerobic capacity of the football players.

Cite this article as: Sucan S, Pisginel B, Ozyurek O, Karakuş M, Ipekten F, Akkurt S. The effect of dry cupping application on aerobic and anaerobic capacity in athletes. Turk J Sports Med. 2024;59(2):60-4; https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0811

Ethics Committee Approval

The Ethics Committee of Erciyes University approved all procedures and the experimental design (date: 22/09/2020 and number: 77979112). The study protocol is in accordance with the latest version of the Declaration of Helsinki.

Author Contributions

Concept: SA, SS, BP ; Design: SA, SS, BP, OO, FI; Supervision: OO, BP, SS, MK; Materials: OO, BP, Serar Sucan, MK, FI, SA; Data collection and/or processing:OO, BP, Serar Sucan, MK; Analysis and Interpretation:FI, BP, SS; Literature review:BP, SS; Writing manuscript:SS, BP, OO, MK, FI, SA; Critical reviews:SA, SS, BP. All authors contributed to the final version of the manuscript and discussed the results and contributed to the final manuscript.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or publication of this article.


This study was conducted at Erciyes University High Altitude and Sports Sciences Research and Application Center. It was presented at 3. International Multidisciplinary in Health Sciences Studies Congress in 2021.