Comparison of anxiety status, social support, and coping mechanisms among football players and American football players
1Sports Medicine Clinic, Manisa City Hospital, Manisa, Türkiye
2Department of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, İzmir, Türkiye
Keywords: Sports type, sports psychology, anxiety, coping, social support
Objective: We aimed to assess the differences of psychological factors among football players and American football players.
Methods: A total of 68 players (34 American football players and 34 football players) were investigated. Data of players (age, height, body weight, body mass index, marital status, sports experience), and their answers to State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 (ACSI-28) were collected.
Results: Height, body weight and body mass index values of American football players were significantly higher than football players (p=0.033; p<0.001; p<0.001, respectively). The rate of being married of football players was significantly higher than American football players (p=0.021). Sports history of football players was significantly higher than American football players (p<0.001). The state anxiety level of American football players is significantly lower than football players (p<0.001), and total scores for social support (p=0.038), coping with adversity (p=0.013), coachability (p<0.001), concentration (p=0.002), and confidence and achievement motivation subscales (p=0.005) were significantly higher than football players.
Conclusion: The psychological state of the athletes, their ability to cope with stressful conditions and the social support they receive may differ among sports branches. Therefore, considering the differences between the athletes in different sport branches may contribute when planning appropriate interventions for mental health programs.
Cite this article as: Koyagasioglu O, Senisik S. Comparison of anxiety status, social support, and coping mechanisms among football players and American football players. Turk J Sports Med. 2023; 58(4):169-74; https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0767
The approval for this study was obtained from Kayseri City Training and Research Hospital Clinical Research Ethical Committee (Decision No. 751, dated 06.12.2022).
Concept: OK,SŞ; Design: OK,SŞ; Materials: OK, SŞ; Data Collection and/or Processing: OK,SŞ; Analysis and Interpretation: OK; Literature Review: OK; Writing Manuscript: OK; Critical Reviews: SŞ
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or publication of this article.