p-ISSN: 1300-0551
e-ISSN: 2587-1498

Sümeyye Genç1, Egemen Mancı2, Çağdaş Güdücü3, Erkan Günay4

1Department of Physical Education and Sports, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Türkiye
2Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Democracy University, Izmir, Türkiye
3Department of Biophysics, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Türkiye
4Department of Sport Science, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Türkiye

Keywords: Post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE), back squat, cycling sprint performance, peak power


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of back squat exercise on subsequent sprint performance in resistance-based Post Activation Performance Enhancement (PAPE) intervention with two different loads and repetitions.

Material and Methods: Subjects performed three experimental runs in the laboratory for at least 48 hours apart. At the first experimental visit, anthropometric evaluations, sprint performance and one-repetition maximum (1RM) tests were performed. On the next two visits, each subject completed a standardized warm-up on the bicycle ergometer at 30 watt/ 60 cadence for 5 minutes, and after a passive transition phase period of 5 minutes, they performed the resistance based back squat PAPE protocol. After a 12-minute passive transition phase period, subjects performed the sprint cycling performance.

Results:  PAPE interventions with 1RM%60x6 reps (moderate rep-moderate load) and 1RM %90x3 reps (low rep-high load) loads resulted in statistically insignificant slight improvement in mean power values (p<0.47), and no significant effect on peak power (p<0.91), and fatigue index (p<0.79) in sprint cycling performance.

Conclusion:  The PAPE interventions resulted in a slight increase in the mean power values when compared to the control condition. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the two differential loads.

Cite this article as: Genc S, Manci E, Guducu C, Gunay E. Post-Activation Performance Enhancement (PAPE) interventions at different loads may enhance sprint performance in well-trained athletes. Turk J Sports Med. 2023 Oct 27th; https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0821

Ethics Committee Approval

The Ethics Committee of Dokuz Eylül University approved all procedures and the experimental design (GOA 2022/39-08). The study protocol is in accordance with the latest version of the Declaration of Helsinki.

Author Contributions

Concept – EG; Design - EG; Supervision – EG, CG; Materials – Data Collection and/or Processing – SG, EM; Analyss and Interpretation – SG, CG; Literature Review – SG, EG; Writing manuscript – SG, EG, CG, EM; Critical Reviews – EG, EM, CG. All authors contributed to the final version of the manuscript and discussed the results and contributed to the final manuscript.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.

Financial Disclosure

This study was carried out within the TUBITAK project and supported by the approval number 222S720 (TUBITAK 1002-A).


We would like to thank all the participants in the study.