Rambling and trembling trajectories in the analysis of postural sway prior to the self-paced and reaction time tasks
Faculty of Exercise and Sports Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Türkiye
Keywords: Postural control, rambling, trembling, postural sway, perturbation
Objective: Previous studies suggested that center of pressure (COP) shifts occur before an expected perturbation in the form of early and anticipatory postural adjustments which operate in a short time scale. However, the effect of such perturbations on pre-existing postural set on a longer time scale remained uncovered. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether rambling and trembling components of the COP trajectories depend on postural task or phase of trial before a self-initiated perturbation.
Materials and Methods: Twenty-four young healthy participants took part in the study. Subjects performed three postural tasks, namely, (i) quiet stance task: 60 seconds quiet stance, (ii) self-paced task: maximal vertical jump from quiet stance under the self-paced time condition, and (iii) reaction-time task: maximal vertical jump from quiet stance under the reaction-time condition. Postural sway features were examined in two phases, the first and last 20 seconds of the trials.
Results: The features of rambling and trembling components of the COP trajectories were affected by postural task or phase of trial. The ellipse area of the COP and rambling trajectories were significantly different among postural tasks. The median frequency was significantly different between the phases of trials for the COP and rambling trajectories.
Conclusion: This study indicated task-specific changes in postural sway features. Rambling and trembling trajectories, which would reflect two underlying human postural control mechanisms as maintaining the body's equilibrium with respect to a moving reference point and oscillating around the moving reference point respectively, were affected differently before a whole-body maximum-effort self-initiated perturbation.
Cite this article as: Celik H, Yilmaz U, Arpinar Avsar P. Rambling and trembling trajectories in the analysis of postural sway prior to the self-paced and reaction time tasks. Turk J Sports Med. 2023; 58(4):146-54; https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0750
The approval for this study was obtained from Hacettepe University, Non-Invasive Clinical Research Ethics Committee, Ankara, Türkiye (Decision no: 2019/13-17 Date: 14.05.2019).
Concept – HC, PAA; Design – HC, PAA; Supervision – HC; Materials – HC; Data Collection and/or Processing – HC, UY, PAA; Analysis and Interpretation – HC, UY, PAA; Literature Review – HC; Writing Manuscript - HC, UY, PAA; Critical Reviews - HC
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.
This research was partially supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey under Grant 115S535.