p-ISSN: 1300-0551
e-ISSN: 2587-1498

Ferhat Esatbeyoğlu1, Levend Karaçoban2, Şenay Akın3, Gürhan Dönmez2

1Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Bozok University, Yozgat, Türkiye
2Department of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Türkiye
3Exercise and Sport Physiology Department, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Türkiye

Keywords: Visual impairment, vision loss, adapted physical activity, exercise, physical fitness


For individuals with vision loss (IWVL), exercise is of primary importance to optimize their functional mobility, functionality and activities of daily living. Enhancing aerobic capacity and muscle strength through exercise prescribing can help improve independent living and quality of life for IWVL. The aim of this review is to emphasize the importance of aerobic and strength exercises for underserved IWVL population by summarizing the information that will guide the basic exercise programs to improve living conditions. General guidelines for aerobic and strength exercise training for the IWVL are outlined with relevant images to contribute to build an effective exercise prescription.

Cite this article as: Esatbeyoglu F, Karacoban L, Akin S, Donmez G. Exercise programming for individuals with vision loss. Turk J Sports Med. 2022, 57(4):213-9; 2022 https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0690

Author Contributions

Concept FE; Design FE; Supervision SA, LK, GD; Materials FE; Data Collection and/or Processing FE; Analysis and Interpretation All authors; Literature Review FE; Writing Manuscript FE; Critical Reviews All authors.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or publication of this article.