p-ISSN: 1300-0551
e-ISSN: 2587-1498

Zait Burak Aktuğ1, Gönül Yavuz2, Necdet Eray Pişkin2, Hasan Aka1, Serkan İbiş1

1Faculty of Sports Sciences, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde, Turkey
2Institute of Social Sciences, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde, Turkey

Keywords: Respiratory muscle warm-up, maximal oxygen consumption, respiratory muscle exercise device, diaphragmatic respiratory


Objective: Warm-up is an important factor in all sports activities and affects performance positively or negatively depending on its type of application. In recent years, research on respiratory muscle warm-up exercises, especially in sports performance has increased. In this study, it was aimed to examine the acute effects of different respiratory muscle warm-up exercises on maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and lung functions.

Materials and Methods: 23 volunteer male active referees between the ages of 18-25 participated in the study. Three different respiratory muscle warm-ups, including deviced respiratory muscle warm-up, diaphragmatic respiratory muscle warm-up, and placebo, were performed on different days, and VO2max values were determined with the Astrand Cycling Ergometer Test, and respiratory parameters were measured with a spirometer. The normality of the data was determined by the Shapiro Wilk test, and the Kruskal Wallis H test was used to determine cause of the difference between applications.

Results: At the level of respiratory parameters and VO2max, deviced respiratory muscle warm-up was found to be significantly higher than placebo and diaphragmatic respiratory muscle warm-up (p<0,05).

Conclusion: It was observed that different respiratory muscle warm-ups applied acutely caused an increase in respiratory parameters and VO2max levels, and this increase was higher in deviced respiratory muscle warm-up exercise. It is thought that it would be beneficial to apply these warm-up types before training in order to improve sports performance.

Cite this article as: Aktug ZB, Yavuz G, Piskin NE, Aka H, Ibis S. Acute effect of different respiratory muscle exercises on maximal oxygen consumption and lung functions. Turk J Sports Med. 2022, 57(2):79-85; https://doi.org/10.47447/tjsm.0632

Ethics Committee Approval

The approval for this study was obtained from Clinical Research Ethics Board of Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University (Approval number: 2021/89, Date: 14.10.2021).

Author Contributions

Concept: ZBA, Sİ; Design: ZBA, Sİ; Supervision: ZBA, Sİ; HA, NEP, GY; Materials: ZBA, NEP, GY; Data Collection and/or Processing: ZBA, HA; Analysis and Interpretation: ZBA, Sİ; Literature Review: ZBA, NEP, GY; Writing Manuscript: ZBA, Sİ; HA, NEP, GY; Critical Reviews: ZBA, NEP, GY

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to authorship and/or publication of the article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or publication of this article.