The Contribution of Kinesiotape Application Combined with Calf Exercises to Conservative Treatment Efficacy in Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Sabriye Ercan1, Cem Çetin2
1Dr. Ersin Arslan Training and Research Hospital, Department of Sports Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey
2Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Sports Medicine, Isparta, Turkey
Keywords: Chronic venous insufficiency, calf exercises, kinesiotape
Objective: Exercise is recommended to increase venous refilling time and for restoring the calf muscle pump in chronic venous insufficiency. Several researchers reported positive results on efficacy of kinesiotape application in chronic venous insufficiency. The present study is designed to investigate the efficacy of kinesiotape application when combined to a calf exercise program in patients with chronic venous insufficiency.
Material and Methods: A total of 51 patients were included in the study. Participants were randomly divided into three groups. Visual analog pain scale and visual analog general health scale evaluations, and ankle joint range of motion and isokinetic muscle strength measurements were performed before the treatment. Interventions regarding the groups were as follows: Group 1; the exercise program alone, Group 2; kinesiotape application combined with the exercise program, Group 3; the exercise program with pseudo kinesiotape application. The measurements were repeated four weeks following the interventions.
Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the demographic data of the patients (p>0.05). In all three groups, the visual analog pain scale scores decreased and the visual analog general health scale scores increased (p˂0.05). The decreasing visual analog pain scale scores in groups 2 and 3 were statistically higher than that of group 1 (p˂0.05). There was no change in the range of motion of the ankle joints after treatment (p˃0.05). Isokinetic plantar muscle strength was increased significantly in all three groups (p˂0.05). However, muscle strength and total work values of Group 2 patients were significantly higher than the other two groups (p˂0.05).
Conclusion: Calf exercises are effective in decreasing the symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency. This effect can be augmented by kineosiotape application.
Cite this article as: Ercan S, Cetin C The contribution of kinesiotape application combined with calf exercises to conservative treatment efficacy in chronic venous insufficiency. Turk J Sports Med 2017;52:41-50.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.