p-ISSN: 1300-0551
e-ISSN: 2587-1498


Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Buca Eğitim Fakültesi, Buca, İzmir

Keywords: Perception of leadership power, coaching, individual sports, team sports, exercise


The purpose of this study was to compare the leadership perception power of coaches and athletes according to participation in individual and team sports. Adapted Turkish versions of Power in Sport Questionnaire-Other (PSQ-O, for athletes), Power in Sport Questionnaire-Self (PSQ-S, for coaches), and a questionnaire related to demographic variables were used in this study. Data were collected from athletes (n=587) and coaches (n=91) in a number of different team and individual sports (football, basketball, volleyball, handball, athletics, tennis, table tennis, fencing, judo, archery and wrestling). Analysis of PSQ-O results for athletes using the t-test revealed significant differences between individual and team sports athletes with regard to coercive (t(585)=3.21, p<0.001), expert (t(585)=-2.95, p<0.003) and legitimate (t(585)= 2.33, p<0.02) power subscales, and none (p>0.05) for the referent power one. Analysis of PSQ-S results for athletes using the Mann-Whithney U-test yielded a significant difference (U=446, p<0.006) between individual and team sports coaches only related to the expert power sub-scale, and none (p>0.05) for the coercive, legitimate, and referent power ones.