Site and Type Assessments of Sports Injuries in Archers
1Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Management, Burdur, Turkey
2Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Department of Sports Administration, Burdur, Turkey
3Süleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Department of Sports Sciences, Isparta, Turkey
Keywords: Sports injuries, back injuries, neck injuries, shoulder injuries, archery
Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the types of musculoskeletal injuries and injured areas of athletes participating in archery competitions.
Materials and Methods: Forty-seven females (31.1%) and 104 males (68.9%), totally 151 archers joined voluntarily the study. Their mean age was 20.4±3.4 years, height was 173.5±7.7 cm, and body weight was 69.0±11.2 kg. About 58.9% (n=89) of participants were using the classical bow, and 41.1% (n=62) the compound bow. The "Musculoskeletal System Questionnaire" was used to evaluate the archers’ injuries. In the questionnaire, nine body sections were divided into neck, shoulder, elbow, wrist, back, waist, hip-thigh, knee, foot-foot wrist. The questionnaire questioned the athletes' injuries during the last 12 months. In the data evaluation, the statistical program developed for social sciences was utilized. The results were evaluated as frequency, percentage distribution, chi-square tests. The level of significance was accepted as p<0.05.
Results: The most injured areas of the athletes were the shoulders as 27.5% (n=60), the neck as 18.3% (n=40), and the back as 16.1% (n=35). When disability evaluation is performed according to categories (classical bow, spiral spring), the prevalent injured body regions did not change The incidence of injuries in the compound bow was lower, but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The most common type of injury in all three regions was muscle pain. About 57.6% of these injuries occurred during training. About 35.0% of injuries were cured in a health facility.
Conclusion: Most archers are injured in the shoulder, neck and back areas. These injuries are mostly seen as muscle pain. The vast majority of injuries occur in training. In archers, shoulder, neck, and back areas should be more strengthened to reduce injuries. Extra warm-up programmes special to muscles in these sections should be especially applied in trainings and competitions. Shooting techniques are to be correctly applied.
Cite this article as: Kocaman G, Atay E, Alp M, et al. Site and type assessments of sports injuries in archers. Turk J Sports Med. 2018;53:1-8.